He was the man who inspired terrorist attacks around the world, encouraged horrific beheadings in Iraq and Syria and created a cultish medieval-type “caliphate”.
Abu Bakr al Baghdadi did not have the charisma or status of other terrorist leaders like Osama bin Laden, but the impact of the terror franchise he created was felt around the world.
The global reach of his self-proclaimed caliphate was demonstrated over several years with the Manchester Arena bombing, the Paris Bataclan theatre massacre, the Brussels Airport attack and many more atrocities.
His followers drove trucks through European Christmas markets and down seaside promenades.
But it was in the Middle East that people suffered the consequences of the Islamic State the most.
IS bombings and attacks across the region from Baghdad to Alexandria and Beirut to Istanbul killed thousands between 2014 and today.
The consequence of the caliphate he created in northeastern Syria and northern Iraq was misery and terror for anyone who did not pledge allegiance to his warped Islamist agenda.
Donald Trump will, naturally, frame Baghdadi’s death as a huge moment in the fight against the Islamic State – a fight he has already declared “won” several times.
There is no question that the removal of Baghdadi was always seen as a key component of the continued effort to diminish the impact and influence of the Islamic State.
From the huge caliphate it boasted just a few years ago, IS territory has gone and its de facto capitals, Raqqa in Syria and Mosul in Iraq, have been liberated.
But many of the group’s followers – tens of thousands of fighters and their families – remain in ramshackle, makeshift Kurdish-run prisons in northeastern Syria.
Their security is now in jeopardy as a consequence of the partial US military withdrawal from the region this month and subsequent fight between the Kurds and Turkey.
In only his second ever video appearance, broadcast earlier this year, the terror leader boasted of his group expanding to Africa and parts of Asia.
Baghdadi’s death is a key moment in the fight to dismantle the Islamic State, but it’s not the end.